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1.     Treat your new puppy as you would a newborn baby. I recommend that you try to make the first few days together with your puppy as calm as possible. Remember, this is a very traumatic time for your puppy. Puppy may be nervous as he/she is is no longer experiencing familiar sounds and smells but this will pass shortly. Nervousness or change in diet may cause diarrhea. A puppy will play until it drops. It may play so much that it is too tired to eat. Especially be aware of the amount of time children play with your puppy. Beware of any changes in your puppy’s stool. Stress can trigger Coccidia. I preventatively treated your puppy for coccidia.

2.     I strongly recommend that you continue feeding only Life's Abundance (All Life Stages) premium grade dog food and Life's Abundance Tasty Rewards Treats puppy has been eating. I believe it will save you money in the long run in vet's bills. It's that good. Your puppy will be kept very healthy if kept on Life's Abundance. Please do not feed your puppy people food as it can make them sick, give them diarrhea and make them a picky eater. Some, but not all, puppies may need to be supplemented with a premium canned puppy food and Nutri-Cal for the first few weeks. Be sure puppy eats every 6 hours. Food should be available at all times for approximately 2 weeks after receiving your pup. By 6 months feed twice daily. If your puppy is being shipped it will be given Nutri-Cal before it is shipped. You should give puppy some Nutri-Cal after it arrives and if puppy doesn't eat (even if just a few morsels) within a few hours after being home, I also recommend feeding puppy a jar of chicken baby food to help keep the blood sugar level elevated. Water should be available to your puppy at all times and if you use distilled or purified water there will be less chance of eye staining on light colored dogs. Also, food coloring increases eye stains so watch for that in other foods and treats. Teething can also cause additional tearing of the eyes and possible eye staining. This happens very young when new puppy teeth are coming in and again around 5-6 months when adult teeth are coming in. It will pass and eventually your pups face will be nice and clear again.

3.     Spaying and neutering should be done around 6 months or so. Your vet can remove any baby teeth that have not fallen out on their own at the same time your pup is being fixed.

4.     I have found if you provide LOTS of chew toys, NO RAWHIDES, puppy will have no desire to chew on your furniture or your shoes or whatever!

5.     During the first 2 weeks of getting your puppy home, give the puppy several timed to rest each and every day. They need “time out” and need to have lots of sleep and rest time especially if you have small children wanting to play with your new puppy.

6.     Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, is a health problem that affects many toy breeds of puppies between 5 and 16 weeks of age, especially, but not always, extremely tiny dogs. Hypoglycemia is recognized by a healthy puppy suddenly becoming weak, listless, depressed, unaware of its surroundings, and even unable to stand or walk. Advanced stages include seizures before lapsing into a coma, which is sometimes followed by death. If your puppy becomes hypoglycemic, it is very important that you react IMMEDIATELY!!! Give the puppy Nutri-Cal or Karo syrup. Administer the syrup with an eyedropper or if the puppy is too weak to take it, put it on your finger and rub it on the roof of its mouth. ITS' LIFE DEPENDS ON IT!!! Nutri-Cal is a fast acting, high calorie supplement and may be given off of your finger. Keep the puppy warm at all times and rub the puppy very easy, moving the head from side to side slowly rotating it, also move the arms and legs so the puppy will not get stiff. It may be necessary to give the puppy a couple of doses. If the puppy does not respond, GET IT TO A VET IMMEDIATELY! Hypoglycemia can occur without warning if a puppy is placed in a new home, misses a meal or is otherwise stressed. You must remember that puppies eat very small amounts, yet they exert large amounts of energy. Your puppy should eat 3-4 times a day. Remember if there is a problem with hypoglycemia, it will usually happen during the first few weeks while the puppy is adjusting. The puppy will outgrow this as it becomes adjusted.

Stages of Hypoglycemia:

FIRST STAGE: Possible Signs are:
Not playful
Refuses to eat
Eyes look unusual
(stumbling, falling, staggering)

(Critical, seek Vet care)
Body becomes Limp
Puppy cannot lift his head easily

He becomes completely limp, the head may tilt backward and become stiff
Slow Heartbeat
Body Temp Drops
Mouth is stiff and gums become white

7.     We recommend that you not leave your puppy alone for the first 48 hours so that you can monitor his food and water intake. This will combat any dehydration or hypoglycemia. After the first 24 hours, continue monitoring food and water intake. Do not allow pup full run of house as he can lose sense of where food and water is.

8.     If your puppy is not eating anything, has diarrhea, or is vomiting contact your vet immediately!

9.     Do not take your puppy to public parks, stores or let your puppy play on the ground (other than your fenced yard) until he has had all of his shots. He may pick up an illness that could cost him his life! For example, Parvovirus. The treatment for parvo costs anywhere from $200 to $600, yet it costs only $20 to $40 to have your vet help protect him with his vaccination. Remember, they are not safe until 2 weeks after they have had all of their vaccinations. So keep him out of public places until then! Do NOT forget to keep up with your puppy's shots. He must have them all for them to protect him. And don't forget to get their Rabies shot as well. Your puppy should also be de-wormed continuously as they may re-occur. Your vet will advise you what to do.

10.    Do not let your puppy jump off couches, chairs or any other high place. This could cause broken bones or injure their legs, ankles or kneecaps.

11.     If your puppy has long hair please remember to keep his bottom shaved or trimmed. Sometimes the poo poo can get caught up in the hair and keep your puppy from being able to go potty. This can cause serious problems and even death.

12.    NEVER leave your puppy or dog in your car for any amount of time, even if the window is cracked.

13.    If any problems occur with your puppy’s health, call your vet immediately! Vets are on call 24 hours a day if you need one.

14.    I also want to address dog collars/harnesses. Puppies and very small dogs have very delicate tracheas which can be damaged if you were to attach a leash onto their collar and have them pull on it. You could have a hurt puppy and very serious vet bill. All of that can be avoided. I recommend using a harness. They velcro around puppy's chest and underneath the neck. This does not pull so much on the trachea and is much easier on them. You can find them at Walmart, ebay, and most pet stores or look them up on the internet.

14.    Give them lots of LOVE ALWAYS..............

                                         Common Household Toxic Substances

You may have some or all of these products in your home and not even be aware they could cause problems for your family pet. Symptoms could be just a skin or eye irritation or a possible fatal reaction if taken internally. Usually if the product label has a warning on it, then it is probably in some way also toxic to your dog.

The following list will name the household product, include possible symptoms, if exposed, and basic first aid. Always contact your veterinarian if you suspect your dog has come in contact with one of these products.

Acetone:  (Vomiting, diarrhea, depression, weak pulse, shock) Induce vomiting give baking soda in water orally.

Ammonia:  (Vomiting blood, abdominal pain, skin blisters and burns) Wash skin with water and vinegar, give diluted water and vinegar orally or 3 egg whites.

Antifreeze: (Vomiting, coma, kidney failure, death) Induce vomiting, administer 1 oz. of vodka orally followed by water (can be repeated).

Bleach:  (Burns of skin and mouth, vomiting)  Induce vomiting, give 3 egg whites.

Charcoal Lighter:  (Vomiting, breathing distress, shock, coma or seizures) Induce vomiting, give laxatives.

Chocolate (all varieties):  (Vomiting, diarrhea, depression, heart arrhythmia, muscle twitching, seizures, coma from high levels of caffeine and Theo bromine) Induce vomiting, give laxatives. Lethal doses of 1/3 oz per pound for dark chocolate, and 1 oz per pound for milk chocolate.

Deodorants:  (Vomiting) Induce vomiting

Detergents/Soap:  (Vomiting) Induce vomiting, give 3 egg whites or milk orally, watch breathing.

Furniture Polish:  (Vomiting, breathing distress, shock, coma or seizures) Induce vomiting, give laxatives.

Gasoline:  (Skin irritation, weakness, dementia, dilated pupils, vomiting, twitching) Induce vomiting, give vegetable oil orally to block absorption, get into fresh air.

Ibuprofen:  (Vomiting, stomach ulceration, kidney failure)  Induce vomiting, give laxatives, many need IV fluids.

Kerosene/Fuel Oil:  (Vomiting, breathing distress, shock, coma or seizures) Induce vomiting, give laxatives, give vegetable oil orally to block absorption.

Lead:  (Vomiting, diarrhea, anemia, Nero logic symptoms, blindness, seizures, coma) Induce vomiting, give laxatives, remove source of lead.

Lime:  (Skin irritant, burns) Wash skin with copious soap and water.

Lye:  (Vomiting blood, abdominal pain, skin blisters and burns) Wash skin with water and vinegar, give diluted water and vinegar orally or 3 egg whites.

Oregano phosphate Insecticides:  (Excess drooling, weakness, seizures, vomiting, dilated pupils) Wash off insecticide, administer atropine sulfate as the antidote.

Paint Thinner:  (Vomiting, breathing distress, shock, coma or seizures.)  Induce vomiting, Give laxatives.

Phenol Cleaners:  (Nausea, vomiting, shock, liver or kidney failure) Wash off skin, induce vomiting, give 3 egg whites or milk orally.

Rat Poison:  (Excess bleeding, anemia, cyanosis) Induce vomiting, requires vitamin K injections.

Rubbing Alcohol:  (Weakness, un-coordination, blindness, coma, dilated pupils, vomiting and diarrhea).  Induce vomiting and give baking soda in water to neutralize acidosis.

Strychnine:  (Dilated pupils, respiratory distress, rigid muscles, seizures and spasms with loud noises or stimulus, brown urine.)  Induce vomiting, keep dog in a dark quiet room until taking him to the veterinarian.

Turpentine:  (Vomiting, diarrhea, bloody urine, neurologic disorientation, coma, breathing distress.)  Induce vomiting, give vegetable oil by mouth to block absorption, give laxatives.

Tylenol:  (Depression, fast heart rate, brown urine, anemia.)  Induce vomiting and give 500 mg vitamin C per 25 pounds, followed by baking soda in water.

Give several teaspoons (for small and medium size dogs) or several tablespoons (for large and giant size dogs) of hydrogen peroxide orally. Repeat as needed to stimulate vomiting. Another remedy is Ipecac syrup - 1 teaspoon (for small and medium dogs) or 1 tablespoon (for large and giant dogs). Allow the dog to drink 1 cup of water as this will hasten the vomiting. Repeat as needed.


Laxatives are used to quickly expel the plant material from the intestines. Mineral oil is safe and effective. Give 1 teaspoon for small dogs less than 25 lbs., 1 tablespoon to medium size dogs, 25 - 50 lbs., 2 tablespoons for large or giant dogs, 50 - 100 lbs.

The medical information on this site is provided as an information resource only, and is not to be used or relied on for any diagnostic or treatment purposes. This information is not intended to be education and should not be used as a substitute for professional veterinarian diagnosis and treatment.

Puppy Care


Bear Creek Maltipoo

Copyright 2018. Risa Krantz. All Rights Reserved.

Do NOT take your new puppy to a pet store, doggy park, visiting work or neighbors with dogs or any other public places until your vet tells you it's safe.  This is usually at least 2 weeks after the last puppy vaccination.  It can be deadly to do otherwise.